ST. LOUIS (KSDK) - The St. Louis Metropolitan Police Department released on Wednesday the city's 2012 Uniform Crime Reporting statistics.
The department says overall, crime was down 12 percent from 2011. At 27,853 crimes reported in 2012, this is the lowest number of crimes reported within city limits since 1966 when 25,798 crimes were reported.
Violent crime decreased by 4.9 percent over 2011, falling to 5,660 from 5,951.
Property crimes decreased by 14.2 percent, falling to 22,193 from 25,860 in 2011.
There were 113 homicides reported in 2012, the same number reported in 2011. This is the lowest number of homicides in St. Louis since 2003 when 74 were reported.
Forcible rape increased by 5.9 percent, going from 188 in 2011 to 199 in 2012.
Aggravated assaults increased by 1.4 percent in 2012. The department initiated a 30 day strategy to address aggravated assaults in August, and was able to make a 68 percent reduction over the same period the prior month and for the same period in 2011.
Robberies went down by 16.5 percent, from 2,127 in 2011 to 1,777 in 2012. This is the lowest number of robberies since 1953.
Vehicle thefts increased by 3.6 percent, burglaries decreased by 28.9 percent, larcenies decreased by 11.5 percent, and arsons increased by 3.7 percent.
The crimes are recorded based on the FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting guidelines.
On January 1, 2013 the FBI revised the definition of rape within the Uniform Crime Reporting Program.
Before January 1, rape was defined as "carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will." The new definition, "the penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim," will broaden the scope of the crime.
"Looking at the 2012 crime statistics, the City of St. Louis would have reported approximately 135 additional rapes if this law had gone into effect on January 1, 2012. From a statistical stand point, it may appear as if we have a spike in rapes in 2013, this is simply not the case. We will now be reporting the crimes more accurately because the UCR requirements are more inclusive. This is a victory for rape survivors and we support the changes wholeheartedly," said Chief Sam Dotson.
For more information on the Uniform Crime Reporting Program, visit the Uniform Crime Reporting Statistics website.