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VATICAN CITY (KSDK)- Katharine Lackey, USA TODAY

Despite being Argentina's top church official, Bergoglio never lived in ornate church mansion in Buenos Aires, preferring a simple bed in a downtown room heated by a small stove.

Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio, the new Pope Francis I, is a Jesuit who received the second-most votes after Joseph Ratzinger in the 2005 papal election.

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Bergoglio, 76, was archbishop of Buenos Aires, Argentina, when he arrived for the papal conclave in Rome to select the successor to retired pope Benedict XVI.

Born in Buenos Aires, he studied at Theological Faculty of San Miguel, where he received a degree in philosophy. He was ordained for the Jesuits on Dec. 13, 1969.

His native language is Spanish, and he also speaks Italian and German.

Bergoglio was ordained titular bishop of Auca and auxiliary of Buenos Aires on June 27, 1992. He became archbishop of Buenos Aires on Feb. 28, 1998.

He received title ordinary for the Eastern-rite faithful in Argentina who lack an ordinary in their own rite on Nov. 30, 1998. He was proclaimed cardinal on Feb. 21, 2001.

Bergoglio participated in conclave that elected Pope Benedict XVI in April 2005. According to Italian news media he was runner-up in the 2005 papal election.

Despite being Argentina's top church official, Bergoglio never lived in ornate church mansion in Buenos Aires, preferring a simple bed in a downtown room heated by a small stove. For years, he took public transportation around the city, and cooked his own meals.

One of five children of an Italian railway worker and his wife, he had a lung removed because of an infection when he was a teenager.

As cardinal, he tried but failed to prevent Argentina from becoming the first Latin American country to legalize gay marriage, or stop its president, Cristina Fernandez, from promoting free contraception and artificial insemination.

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Birth, education and priesthood
• Born: Dec. 17, 1936, in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
• Education: Studied at Theological Faculty of San Miguel. Received licentiate in philosophy.
• Ordained for the Jesuits on Dec. 13, 1969. No Jesuit priest has ever served as pontiff.
• Languages: Besides his native Spanish, Bergoglio also speaks Italian and German.
• Had a lung removed due to infection when he was a teenager.

Becomes a bishop
• Ordained titular bishop of Auca and auxiliary of Buenos Aires on June 27, 1992.
• Became archbishop of Buenos Aires on Feb. 28, 1998.
• Received title ordinary for the Eastern-rite faithful in Argentina who lack an ordinary in their own rite on Nov. 30, 1998.

Becomes a cardinal
• Proclaimed cardinal by Pope John Paul II on Feb. 21, 2001.
• Participated in conclave that elected Pope Benedict XVI in 2005.
• Served as president of the Bishops' Conference of Argentina from November 2005 to November 2011.
• Reportedly received the second-most votes after Joseph Ratzinger in the 2005 papal election.

Interesting facts, comments
• Bergoglio never lived in the ornate church mansion in Buenos Aires, preferring a simple bed in a downtown room heated by a small stove. For years, he took public transportation around the city.
• When Bergoglio argued that gay adoptions discriminate against children, Argentine President Cristina Fernandez compared his tone to "medieval times and the Inquisition."
• Critics accuse him of failing to stand up publicly against the country's military dictatorship from 1976-1983, when victims and their relatives often brought first-hand accounts of torture, death and kidnappings.