David Jackson, USA TODAY
USA TODAY - President Obama deals with a pair of knotty problems Monday: Tensions in the Middle East, and the possibility of a government shutdown in the United States.
In the late morning, Obama discusses the Iranian nuclear program during an Oval Office meeting with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.
The Netanyahu visit comes three days after Obama spoke by phone with Iranian President Hasan Rouhani, the first direct contact between American and Iranian leaders in more than three decades.
Obama and Rouhani ordered their staffs to explore new talks on an agreement over Iran's nuclear program -- though Netanyahu and other Israeli officials warn that Iran is still seeking the means to make nuclear weapons.
Other Obama-Netanyahu topics: Talks about chemical weapons removal in Syria, and the long-standing dispute between Israelis and Palestinians.
"The president looks forward to discussing with Prime Minister Netanyahu the progress on final status negotiations with the Palestinians, as well as developments in Iran, Syria, and elsewhere in the region," says the White House schedule.
The White House adds: "Prime Minister Netanyahu's visit is a demonstration of the deep and enduring bonds between the United States and Israel, and our close coordination on a range of security issues."
Obama and Netanyahu, along with Vice President Biden, will also have a working lunch.
Later Monday, Obama meets with his Cabinet, with the prospect of a government shutdown on the agenda.
Monday is the last day of the fiscal year, and the Republican-run House passed a new spending plan over the weekend that calls for a one-year delay of the new health care plan - a condition that Obama and the Democratic-run Senate reject.
If the parties are unable to strike a deal by midnight, parts of the government will shut down.
Tuesday is also a big day for the health care plan - the opening of market exchanges that are the key to financing the project.