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St. Louis leaders throw support behind Gov. Parson's goal to remove residency requirement for city officers

"The number one barrier to our recruitment is our city's residency rule," St. Louis police chief said

ST. LOUIS — Ahead of a special legislative session on violent crime, Missouri Gov. Mike Parson met with St. Louis city leaders Thursday to discuss one of his goals: waiving the requirement that police officers must live within city boundaries.

The St. Louis Metropolitan Police Department is down 130 officers, Chief John Hayden said during a press conference that followed the meeting. Meanwhile, homicides are up. There have been 138 homicides so far this year, compared to 110 during the same time last year.

"Our officers are physically, emotionally and spiritually drained," Hayden said. "The number one barrier to our recruitment is our city's residency rule. If we can recruit more officers we can, in turn, address violent crime in our city."

St. Louis Mayor Krewson noted it has been a particularly deadly year for children. Thirty kids under the age of 18 have been the victims of shootings and 11 have died.

"That's just the city," she said. "Another 27 have been shot in the metro area and there have been 10 deaths ... I appreciate the governor calling the special session."

The residency requirement is one of six different statues Parson said he wanted lawmakers to address during the session, scheduled to begin Monday.

"The special session needs to be narrowed time to really focus on violent crime here," Parson said. "This has got to stop and we need to figure out how to do do this."

However, lifting the residency requirement has received some pushback from other city officials. Last year, the Board of Aldermen rejected a plan to ask voters to lift the residency requirement. 

The governor has been holding roundtable discussions with leaders across the state regarding violent crime. Thursday, he met with leaders in Columbia and Cape Girardeau.

RELATED: Missouri Gov. Parson calls special session to address violent crime

This is a list of the statutes Parson said he wants to be amended during the special session:

  • Police and Public Safety Employee Residency Requirements for St. Louis: The proposal to be considered would eliminate the residency requirement for St. Louis law enforcement as long as the officer lives within an hour of the city. This proposal would also prohibit requiring any public safety employee for the City of St. Louis to be a resident of the city.
  • Juvenile Certification: This proposal requires the court to determine if a juvenile should be certified for trial as an adult for the offense of unlawful use of a weapon and armed criminal action.
  • Witness Statement Admissibility: This proposal would allow certain statements to be admissible in court that would otherwise not be allowed under the current statute.
  • Witness Protection Fund: This proposal creates the Pretrial Witness Protection Fund.
  • Endangering the Welfare of a Child: This proposal modifies the offense of endangering the welfare of a child for a person who encourages a child to engage in any weapons offense.
  • Unlawful Transfer of Weapons: This proposal would increase the penalty for a person who knowingly sells or delivers any firearm to a child under 18 years old without the consent of the child’s parent or guardian.

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